In this paper ryan stringer assesses a modal version of the cosmological argument that is motivated by the so-called questions of existence he begins by formulating the argument before offering a critical assessment of it. For more resources visit: view the kalam cosmological argument animation video: view t. In natural theology and philosophy, a cosmological argument is an argument in which the existence of a unique being, generally seen as some kind of god,. Therefore (by the modal logic ontological argument) earth contains one huge island, so large it fills the entire globe it seems you have an inadequate grasp of modal logic that some state of affairs obtains in some possible world does not entail that it obtains in the actual world—let alone that it should be found on the surface of the.
This way is sometimes referred to as the modal cosmological argument modal is a reference to contingency and necessary this way defines two types of objects in the. Modal versions of the ontological argument modal although this criticism is directed against a cosmological argument,. For example, it exists in various forms like the temporal kalam cosmological argument and the modal argument from contingency the first argument is the cause argument what distinguishes these two arguments is how they avoid the argument questioning if god has a cause for his existence.
The modal cosmological argument builds on a clue so subtle, so abstract, so logically refined, that its significance is easily missed: the material universe appears. The cosmological argument is the argument from the existence of the world or universe to the existence of a being that brought it into and keeps it in existence it comes in two forms, one modal (having to do with possibility and the other temporal (having to do with time. Plantinga's victorious modal ontological argument 1995: gödel, or nomic, or modal structure to the world (the basis for cosmological arguments) and. The first argument we discussed was alvin plantinga's modal ontological argument for god today, we'll look at the kalam cosmological argument today, we'll look at the kalam cosmological argument the kalam cosmological argument has grown in popularity today, mostly through the work of dr william lane craig, an evangelical protestant.
The kalam cosmological argument (kca) for god's existence goes as follows: (1) anything that begins to exist requires a cause (2) the universe began to exist (3) thus, the universe requires a cause with some additional philosophical reasoning, the cause of the universe is ultimately identified as god. The modal cosmological argument makes use of modal elements such as possibility, necessary existence and contingent existence to prove that a necessary being - namely god - exists it also applies to the entire cosmos and all possible cosmoi and therefore deemed to be cosmological. August 29, 2017 ryan ferguson cosmological argumet, fallacy, fallacy of composition, hasty generalization, kalam cosmological argument, modal cosmological argument, modal logic 1 comment there are many arguments for the existence of god, with the cosmological arguments being (for me, personally) quite powerful. 18 then the only threat to modal arguments for atheism is the modal ontological argument ohtml reason why the modal cosmological argument is not.
Factually necessary beings, modal epistemology, and the leibnizian cosmological argument hi gang, i'm still really busy, but an objection occurred to me regarding craig's recent defense of the leibnizian cosmological argument, and i'd like to get some feedback to see whether i'm on to something. Chapter 4 offers an entirely new approach to the cosmological argument - the approach of theistic modal realism the proper explananda of cosmological arguments on this approach is not change, causation, contingency or objective becoming in the world. Premise 2 is shared, as we have seen, by defenders both of the modal ontological argument and the cosmological argument however, kant nowhere gave us reason to doubt premise 2 in his discussion of the simper, non-modal version of the argument.
The earliest non-modal argument came from anselm of canterbury and all subsequent ones follow similarly his argument was: 1 one can imagine a being than which none greater can be conceived. It is known as the modal version of the ontological argument: cosmological, and ontological arguments for the existence of god read the. This video is going to be about the modern, modal ontological argument put forward by apologists like alvin plantinga and defended by william lane craig. Part 2 of a pair tim moves on to the version of the cosmological argument for the existence of god called 'the modal argument' the idea is that all the contingent facts about the world need to be explained by some necessary fact, and that necessary fact is that god exists.
I've been interested particularly in modal arguments like this one i'm going to present i actually wrote a short article on it which is more detailed, so if anybody is interested, feel free to message for the full deal, or to clarify this more. The modal cosmological argument: this argument, also known as the argument from contingency , suggests that because the universe might not have existed (ie it is contingent , as opposed to necessary ), we then need some explanation of why it does exist. This is by no means an original argument, and my thoughts on it will be rather amateurish i have adapted a version of pruss' argument based upon the empire state building¹, and others such as rasmussen and weaver have advanced similar such modal cosmological arguments.